Welcome to Pylama

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Welcome to Pylama’s documentation.

Code audit tool for Python and JavaScript. Pylama wraps these tools:

  • pycodestyle (formerly pep8) © 2012-2013, Florent Xicluna;
  • pydocstyle (formerly pep257 by Vladimir Keleshev) © 2014, Amir Rachum;
  • PyFlakes © 2005-2013, Kevin Watters;
  • Mccabe © Ned Batchelder;
  • Pylint © 2013, Logilab (should be installed ‘pylama_pylint’ module);
  • Radon © Michele Lacchia
  • gjslint © The Closure Linter Authors (should be installed ‘pylama_gjslint’ module);
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copyright:2013 by Kirill Klenov.
license:BSD, see LICENSE for more details.

Requirements:

  • Python (2.7, 3.2, 3.3)
  • To use JavaScript checker (gjslint) you need to install python-gflags with pip install python-gflags.
  • If your tests are failing on Win platform you are missing: curses - http://www.lfd.uci.edu/~gohlke/pythonlibs/ (The curses library supplies a terminal-independent screen-painting and keyboard-handling facility for text-based terminals)

Installation:

Pylama could be installed using pip: ::

$ pip install pylama

Quickstart

Pylama is easy to use and really fun for checking code quality. Just run pylama and get common output from all pylama plugins (pycodestyle, PyFlakes and etc)

Recursive check the current directory.

$ pylama

Recursive check a path.

$ pylama <path_to_directory_or_file>

Ignore errors

$ pylama -i W,E501

Note

You could choose a group erros D,`E1` and etc or special errors C0312

Choose code checkers

$ pylama -l "pycodestyle,mccabe"

Choose code checkers for JavaScript:

$ pylama --linters=gjslint --ignore=E:0010 <path_to_directory_or_file>

Set Pylama (checkers) options

Command line options

$ pylama --help

usage: pylama [-h] [--verbose] [--version] [--format {pycodestyle,pylint}]
              [--select SELECT] [--sort SORT] [--linters LINTERS]
              [--ignore IGNORE] [--skip SKIP] [--report REPORT] [--hook]
              [--async] [--options OPTIONS] [--force] [--abspath]
              [paths [paths ...]]

Code audit tool for python.

positional arguments:
  paths                 Paths to files or directories for code check.

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  --verbose, -v         Verbose mode.
  --version             show program's version number and exit
  --format {pycodestyle,pylint}, -f {pycodestyle,pylint}
                        Choose errors format (pycodestyle, pylint).
  --select SELECT, -s SELECT
                        Select errors and warnings. (comma-separated list)
  --sort SORT           Sort result by error types. Ex. E,W,D
  --linters LINTERS, -l LINTERS
                        Select linters. (comma-separated). Choices are
                        mccabe,pycodestyle,pyflakes,pydocstyle.
  --ignore IGNORE, -i IGNORE
                        Ignore errors and warnings. (comma-separated)
  --skip SKIP           Skip files by masks (comma-separated, Ex.
                        */messages.py)
  --report REPORT, -r REPORT
                        Send report to file [REPORT]
  --hook                Install Git (Mercurial) hook.
  --async               Enable async mode. Useful for checking a lot of
                        files. Not supported by pylint.
  --options FILE, -o FILE
                        Specify configuration file. Looks for pylama.ini,
                        setup.cfg, tox.ini, or pytest.ini in the current
                        directory.
  --force, -F           Force code checking (if linter doesnt allow)
  --abspath, -a         Use absolute paths in output.

File modelines

You can set options for Pylama inside a source file. Use pylama modeline for this.

Format:

# pylama:{name1}={value1}:{name2}={value2}:...
.. Somethere in code
# pylama:ignore=W:select=W301

Disable code checking for current file:

.. Somethere in code
# pylama:skip=1

Those options have a higher priority.

Skip lines (noqa)

Just add # noqa in end of line to ignore.

def urgent_fuction():
    unused_var = 'No errors here' # noqa

Configuration file

Pylama looks for a configuration file in the current directory.

The program searches for the first matching ini-style configuration file in the directories of command line argument. Pylama looks for the configuration in this order:

pylama.ini
setup.cfg
tox.ini
pytest.ini

The “–option” / “-o” argument can be used to specify a configuration file.

Pylama searches for sections whose names start with pylama.

The “pylama” section configures global options like linters and skip.

[pylama]
format = pylint
skip = */.tox/*,*/.env/*
linters = pylint,mccabe
ignore = F0401,C0111,E731

Set Code-checkers’ options

You could set options for special code checker with pylama configurations.

[pylama:pyflakes]
builtins = _

[pylama:pycodestyle]
max_line_length = 100

[pylama:pylint]
max_line_length = 100
disable = R

See code-checkers’ documentation for more info.

Set options for file (group of files)

You could set options for special file (group of files) with sections:

The options have a higher priority than in the pylama section.

[pylama:*/pylama/main.py]
ignore = C901,R0914,W0212
select = R

[pylama:*/tests.py]
ignore = C0110

[pylama:*/setup.py]
skip = 1

Pytest integration

Pylama has Pytest support. The package automatically registers itself as a pytest plugin during installation. Pylama also supports pytest_cache plugin.

Check files with pylama

pytest --pylama ...

Recommended way to set pylama options when using pytest — configuration files (see below).

Writing a linter

You can write a custom extension for Pylama. Custom linter should be a python module. Name should be like ‘pylama_<name>’.

In ‘setup.py’, ‘pylama.linter’ entry point should be defined.

setup(
    # ...
    entry_points={
        'pylama.linter': ['lintername = pylama_lintername.main:Linter'],
    }
    # ...
)

‘Linter’ should be instance of ‘pylama.lint.Linter’ class. Must implement two methods:

‘allow’ takes a path and returns true if linter can check this file for errors. ‘run’ takes a path and meta keywords params and returns a list of errors.

Example:

Just a virtual ‘WOW’ checker.

setup.py:

setup(
    name='pylama_wow',
    install_requires=[ 'setuptools' ],
    entry_points={
        'pylama.linter': ['wow = pylama_wow.main:Linter'],
    }
    # ...
)

pylama_wow.py:

from pylama.lint import Linter as BaseLinter

class Linter(BaseLinter):

    def allow(self, path):
        return 'wow' in path

    def run(self, path, **meta):
        with open(path) as f:
            if 'wow' in f.read():
                return [{
                    lnum: 0,
                    col: 0,
                    text: 'Wow has been finded.',
                    type: 'WOW'
                }]

Run pylama from python code

from pylama.main import check_path, parse_options

my_redefined_options = {...}
my_path = '...'
options = parse_options([my_path], **my_redefined_options)
errors = check_path(options)

Bug tracker

If you have any suggestions, bug reports or annoyances please report them to the issue tracker at https://github.com/klen/pylama/issues

Contributing

Development of pylama happens at GitHub: https://github.com/klen/pylama

License

Licensed under a BSD license.